In order to qualify for special education services (e.g., having an IEP or taking ALS class), students must:
1) have a disability; and
2) be in need of additional services above and beyond what is provided through the regular education program to all students.
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) identifies thirteen different disability categories (e.g., Specific Learning Disability, Other Health Impairment, Emotional Disturbance). Students must go through a full multi-disciplinary evaluation conducted by the school psychologist to determine their eligibility category and need for these services.